Infertility is a problem that involves 15% of the population. The scientific advances have managed to establish treatments that promote the union of the sperm and the ovule, however, not in all cases are effective, since they depend on the causes of the infertility.
Reproductive surgery is a procedure to observe the uterus, ovaries and fallopian tubes, in order to detect a problem that is causing infertility. Reproductive surgery should always be considered when the patient has a history of surgeries such as appendectomy, intestinal surgeries, ovarian surgery, or in fallopian tubes.
In general there are two types of reproductive surgery: Laparoscopy and Hysteroscopy (Surgery by laparotomy is practically no longer performed). In this space I would like to focus on Laparoscopy.
Normally, laparoscopy is a surgery performed in an operating room with an optical instrument called a laparoscope, a camera can be introduced or added to this instrument to observe images on a screen, the laparoscope is usually placed in the umbilical region. In addition, two secondary ports can be installed where instruments such as scissors or laser beams are inserted. The type of anesthesia is general and in most cases the patient is discharged that same day. In general, laparoscopy can be performed for diagnostic purposes or to repair any damage that prevents the patient from achieving a pregnancy such as adhesions, fallopian tube obstruction, reversal of salpingoclasm, ovarian cysts, uterine fibroids or endometriosis. The prognosis will depend on the severity of the problem.