Monterrey, Mexico (June 25, 2015) .- In a sexual relationship, a man without fertility problems must produce more than 15 million sperm. But 20 percent of men globally generate a smaller number of sperm, so they are responsible for cases of infertility, explained today specialists in Biology of Human Reproduction and in Reproductive Medicine and Fertility. “The problems in the number of sperm can be three, mild, moderate and severe,” said Antonio Pedro Mátar Guerra, a specialist in Reproductive Medicine and Fertility, in an interview, after a press conference offered by the International Month of Fertility Care . “Mild is when it generates less than 15 million, but more than 10 million, moderate when less than 10 million, but more than 5. And all patients who produce less than five million sperm is a severe problem and that is only with in vitro fertilization. ” Male infertility has increased due to factors such as stress, obesity, smoking, alcohol consumption, exposure to environmental toxins, diabetes, metabolic disorders, hypertension, exposure to high temperatures, use of stimulants, drug use, anabolic and hormonal. In the press conference were also Krystal de Santiago Aguirre and Karlo Mojica Martínez, both specialists in Biology of Human Reproduction. The age where the woman is most fertile is at 27 years old and the man can be fertile until he is 65 years old. If more than a year passes without the woman being able to get pregnant, it is necessary that both of them get medical studies. More than half of the cases of male infertility can be corrected, specialists agreed, by means of conventional in vitro fertilization, which is when in the laboratory the man’s sperm comes in contact with the egg. The sperm are obtained through the masturbation of man. When the problem is more severe they use the ICSI technique, which involves the microinjection of a sperm inside the ovule. Intrauterine insemination is the simplest process, since it is when the male infertility is mild, and what they do is get the best sperm from the man to put them inside the woman’s womb when she is ovulating. The procedure is done in an office. “The problems of movement of sperm are called asthenospermia, and the problems in the number of sperm, when they are less than 15 million, are called oligospermia,” said Mátar Guerra, also medical director of the Vida Fertil Clinic. “And when we have problems in the morphology of sperm is called necrospermia.”

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